What Can I Expect On The Mountain?
The best time to climb Mount Kilimanjaro is during the months January, February and September when the weather is warmer and drier. June, July and August are also very good months and is considered as high season for most operators. September and October offer ideal conditions although the weather can be a little less predictable.
At 5.895 meters high and approximately 70 miles wide by 47 miles long! Kilimanjaro is an imposing landmass that supports five diverse ecological zones with varying temperatures and a vast amount of plant and animal life. Whilst on your trek you will go through all the climate zones on your way to the summit.
5 Diverse Ecological Climate Zones
Average temperature is between 20–27 degrees centigrade. It starts around 800m above sea level and covers the lower slopes of the mountain up to an altitude of approximately 1.800m. The zone supports an abundance of small animals including bushbabies and tree dassies.
Beginning at around 1.800m, it blankets the slopes of Kilimanjaro in a green canopy up to the altitude of 2.800m. This zone receives around 200 centimetres of rain every year and 95% of Kilimanjaro's water comes from this zone. It supports the greatest abundance of wildlife out of all the zones. The forest supports large groups of primates and leopards live amongst the trees.
The zone begins at around 2.800m and extends to 4.000m. The zone is very cool and uncultivated with scant vegetation. Large animals including buffalo and elephants can be found in the lower areas of this zone as can some large birds including vultures, eagles, buzzards and ravens.
Starting around 4.000m and lasting until approximately 5.000m. This is the most inhospitable zone ith only a few ground dwelling insects surviving between the rocks. The temperatures in this zone can be as high at 35 degrees centigrade during the day and can drop to below freezing point at night.
The name of the zone sums up the conditions between 5.000m and the summit at 5.895m. Temperatures can drop to as low -25 degrees centigrade at night and the sun can burn skin very quickly during daylight hours with temperatures as high as 30 degrees centigrade. Virtually nothing lives here apart from the visiting trekkers, the plant Helichrysum Newii and some very resilient lichen. From the summit the magnificent glaciers can be seen.
Most of the routes to the summit are technically not very demanding and feasible, even for people without any mountaineering experience. Nevertheless, you should not underestimate this adventure, as we are at an altitude of almost 6.000 meters, and the oxygen content in the air decreases greatly. Climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro may will be the most physically demanding thing you ever do, but it is also a once in a lifetime experience and a memorable challenge.